What is RDF?

Refused Derived Fuel, or RDF, is a fuel produced from a range of waste, including municipal, commercial and industrial waste. RDF waste is used in CHP facilities across Europe where the waste generates energy to produce electricity and heat for local residents and businesses.

RDF Specification

  • Bales – plastic tied bales with a minimum of six to eight layers of plastic wrap, 1 tonne bales measuring approximately 1.1 x 1.1 x 1.4m
  • Processed waste collected loose
  • CV to be typically 8 – 14 Mj/kg
  • Fraction size to be typically <300mm

What is its use?

RDF waste is used in energy from waste plants across the UK and Europe. The RDF is incinerated in order to provide power in the form of electricity and heat, which is used locally for industry and households.  RDF waste which is not utilised in energy from waste facilities largely ends up in UK landfill.

How is it processed?

When RDF is produced, the easily recycled material is first removed, such as wood, paper, plastics and glass.  The remaining waste, which is either unable or uneconomical to be recycling is then shredded, screen and baled and wrapped from transport.